[ EPUB ] ⚕ Toward a Feminist Theory of the State ♌ MOBI eBook or Kindle ePUB free

This is an incredible book which really brought together many strands of radical feminism I had been pondering for a while, and approaching, if not fully answering, some of the major questions I have had questions I found sadly eluded in my academic gender courses The first section is a discussion of the similarities and differences between Marxism and feminism, as well as critiques of socialist feminism and liberal feminism These comparisons then run throughout the later chapters of the b This is an incredible book which really brought together many strands of radical feminism I had been pondering for a while, and approaching, if not fully answering, some of the major questions I have had questions I found sadly eluded in my academic gender courses The first section is a discussion of the similarities and differences between Marxism and feminism, as well as critiques of socialist feminism and liberal feminism These comparisons then run throughout the later chapters of the book.It spells out the differing worldviews of liberalism, Marxism and feminism along the axes of their core fundamentals How is reality conceived of and made knowable epistemology What relations of power exist between the knower and known In whose interests does this serve And concurrently, what is the importance of epistemology to social life How is inequality and oppression conceived of, in terms of the relationship between individuals and society Who benefits How can the oppressed become conscious of their oppression, and how can this be distinguished from false consciousness This for me was the most interesting important question, and one left unanswered but rigorously explored The most interesting chapters I found were those on consciousness raising and politics and method The later chapters dealtwith specific issues and how they have been dealt with conceptually legally in the US abortion, rape, pornography largely how they have been compartmentalized to remove them from the sex equality agenda and avoid drawing the linkages between them that feminism does Such a strategy obscures the organizing logic of patriarchy While they had some good points I felt it lacked the conviction and clarity of the earlier chapters, particularly the chapter on the liberal state Central to her argument is the notion that male supremacist power defines the real , the objective and the means of knowing reality, to such a degree that it is impossible to make the case for women s liberation by using such methods Objectivity and neutrality are guises for male supremacy in ways which obscure its operation and invisibilize it I was just writing an essay about the public sphere which reminded me of how much I really really want to read this I started it a couple of years ago and got sidetracked but it looked awesome I disagree with MacKinnon on a lot of shit but she s probably the capital R radical feminist I find the most intellectually stimulating and provocative there s babies in that bathwater. What a difference four years and a lot of reading makes I m mainly giving this four stars because I LOVED the chapter on methodology Also the last chapter was great and, finally, clear which left me well disposed towards the book as a whole.But really, I have come to value clarity above all else, and this was not clear at all, on the whole I would have loved some sub headings, and to not have had to experience the feeling that the explanation was going to com What a difference four years and a lot of reading makes I m mainly giving this four stars because I LOVED the chapter on methodology Also the last chapter was great and, finally, clear which left me well disposed towards the book as a whole.But really, I have come to value clarity above all else, and this was not clear at all, on the whole I would have loved some sub headings, and to not have had to experience the feeling that the explanation was going to come in the next sentence, or the next or the next Seriously, when you say something that is as absurd at face value as hierarchy came before difference paraphrasing you should explain what you mean Preferably immediately Sure, from having read other feminism I can guess at what she means, but I would like to know for sure And I know some of this comes from my lack of familiarity with philosophy, but not all, I am sure I was predisposed to dislike this book given my liberal outlook So my review of three stars means it actually exceeded my expectations I think overall it offers some valuable insights.First the good stuff I appreciated her discussion early in the book about the differences between radical and liberal feminism Thefeminist theory I read thedifficult I find it to distinguish between the two approaches in a way that doesn t leave someone or some topics on the chopping block In gener I was predisposed to dislike this book given my liberal outlook So my review of three stars means it actually exceeded my expectations I think overall it offers some valuable insights.First the good stuff I appreciated her discussion early in the book about the differences between radical and liberal feminism Thefeminist theory I read thedifficult I find it to distinguish between the two approaches in a way that doesn t leave someone or some topics on the chopping block In general I think that liberal feminists have addressed many of the valid concerns she addresses, such as situatedness and the social construction of sexuality Her point that neutrality and an emphasis on negative rights camouflage and maintain status quo male supremacy was described in a novel way, but it s an argument I was introduced to by feminist liberals.MacKinnon s discussion of the wages for housework critique movement was one of my favorite parts of the book, and perhaps one of the strongest arguments against liberalism she makes If we associate liberal with incremental, it s very hard to see how we could get from the current model where housework is not remunerated within the market mechanism to one where it is.One of the weak parts of the book for me was the long introductory chapters on Marxism and feminism I realize it s integral to her world view and her departure point for unmodified feminism, but she takes so much for granted from such a deeply misguided ideology that it was difficult for me to take her seriously for the first four chapters.Ultimately what I find flawed in MacKinnon s feminism is what I have called its hermeneutical closure She offers an interpretation of sexuality, pornography, etc based on her understanding of women as a class that is deaf to all alternative interpretations that individual women might offer based on their idiosyncratic beliefs and histories This closed system offers no hope for dismantling gender hierarchy Any reform, any evolution in norms and beliefs, can be interpreted as a reaction to and thus yet another perpetuation of male dominance It s a similar phenomenon to the Christian fundamentalist tactic of suggesting the Devil has planted evidence to tempt us away from faith in God I ve written aextensive version of this argument here [ EPUB ] ♿ Toward a Feminist Theory of the State ♌ Toward a Feminist Theory of the State presents Catharine MacKinnon s powerful analysis of politics, sexuality, and the law from the perspective of women Using the debate over Marxism and feminism as a point of departure, MacKinnon develops a theory of gender centered on sexual subordination and applies it to the state The result is an informed and compelling critique of inequality and a transformative vision of a direction for social change MacKinnon s critique of liberal law from a radical feminist perspective This book had a pivotal influence on my own thinking Her struggle to both apply and break with her self described post Marxism is all in here and her description of liberal law as positing abstract equality to preserve actual inequality is devastating. Probably the most depressing book I ve ever read. Alternatively really dead on and not completely convincing, this was definitely worth reading a pretty extensive, systematic, and provocative theory. I believe you could hardly find a feminist critique of the world we live in that isthorough than MacKinnon s She eloquently describes the different levels of women s oppression under patriarchy, from societal to legal aspects The book is a collection of texts that touch on a broad range of subjects The firs part about Marxism and feminism was very interesting, it sheds light on the failure of Marx and Engels to consider women s situation apart from the working class, as women are in fac I believe you could hardly find a feminist critique of the world we live in that isthorough than MacKinnon s She eloquently describes the different levels of women s oppression under patriarchy, from societal to legal aspects The book is a collection of texts that touch on a broad range of subjects The firs part about Marxism and feminism was very interesting, it sheds light on the failure of Marx and Engels to consider women s situation apart from the working class, as women are in fact oppressed by patriarchy, in addition to the capitalist system The author also has the habit of making connections between subjects that is rather mind blowing, like the one between psychoanalysis and pornography and how they legitimize each other Really excellent book, will re read it for sure I ll limit my summary to chapter 10 Abortion On Public and Private MacKinnon argues here that the liberal notion of privacy is detrimental to women because it keeps the state from intervening in a privat space that is still very public or political social in that patriarchal relations still exist in privacy She uses abortion court cases to show that there is no inconsistency between abortion being legal because of the right to privacy and the state refusing to intervene to remove impedim I ll limit my summary to chapter 10 Abortion On Public and Private MacKinnon argues here that the liberal notion of privacy is detrimental to women because it keeps the state from intervening in a privat space that is still very public or political social in that patriarchal relations still exist in privacy She uses abortion court cases to show that there is no inconsistency between abortion being legal because of the right to privacy and the state refusing to intervene to remove impediments to abortion access because liberal privacy cordons off the private arena as a supposedly non political arena where autonomous people act freely 190 To MacKinnon privacy is used to subordinate other rights such as bodily integrity to specific social imperatives 187 thus why rape can be misrecognized as consensual if done in a private, intimate relationship MacKinnon concludes that for women there is ni private, either normatively or empirically Feminism confronts the fact that women have no privacy to lose or guarantee 191 Privacy protects autonomy, but does not ask in whose interest or benefit Thus feminism needs to continue to disrupt the public private dichotomy